Acne -Cause and Treatment
Acne or spots can affect people of all ages but it tends to be more common in teenagers and young adults. Most people grow out of acne by their mid-twenties, only rarely does it continue into later life. Acne sufferers may experience just a few occasional spots, but sometimes the problem can be more serious and widespread. The high visibility of acne means that it can often affect the self-esteem and confidence .
Acne develops when the skin starts to react abnormally to the male hormone testosterone, which everyone, male or female, has in varying amounts. During the teen years the levels of testosterone shoot up, which causes body hair to develop and makes the skin produce more oil (sebum) in the skin. At the same time, the skin pores from where the oil is normally secreted start to narrow and become blocked with a plug of protein called keratin. To add to this, the bacteria that live naturally on the skin break down this oil producing substances that cause irritation, redness and swelling.
The skin has a greasier feel than usual; spots can vary in size and appearance and are sometimes tender and painful. Spots can appear as whiteheads or blackheads (comedones). Acne can also appear as small red lumps called papules, or yellow, pus-filled lumps called pustules. These spots are more painful and generally mean that there is a bacterial infection. If spots are not treated early, they can form scars. In females, symptoms can get worse before a period because of the hormonal changes in the body. Spots can also get worse if you get hot and sweaty.
You do not have to put up with acne. For mild acne, there are several products available over the counter from your local pharmacy. Treatments are generally divided into keratolytics, antibacterials and cleansing agents that are available in a choice of formulations including creams, gels, lotions and washes. Asset Chemist pharmacist will be able to recommend the product that best suits you.
You must remember that treatment should be used continuously and that it may take some time to start working. For moderate or severe acne Asset chemist online doctor will have a choice of treatments to prescribe including:
Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives
• The affected areas should be cleaned gently twice a day with a mild or sensitive cleanser. Strong detergents and excessive scrubbing should be avoided.
• Don’t be afraid to use a moisturiser on dry skin patches – use oil-free moisturisers and cosmetics (often labeled non-comedogenic)
• Check with your pharmacist to see whether or not you need to use a pharmacy product – it may be that medicated ranges from the skincare aisles of chemists and grocers are sufficient to help clear your skin
• If necessary, start with the mildest pharmacy treatment and work up
• Diet is not thought to affect spots although eating well will help your general health
• The sun may help spots by drying them out and changing the tone of your the tone of your skin – make sure that you use sun protection of SPF 15 to help prevent damage from harmful UV rays
• Avoid touching the affected area; do not squeeze spots