Urinary tract infection – Cystitis
What is Cystitis?
Cystitis is a common type of lower urinary tract infection (UTI) which is an inflammation of the bladder. Your urinary tract consists of your kidneys, two ureters (the tubes that connect each kidney to your bladder), your bladder and your urethra.
What are the causes?
Cystitis is caused by a bacterial infection. A bacterium called Escherichia coli (E.coli), which usually lives harmlessly in your bowel, causes over seven out of 10 bouts of cystitis.
Bacteria can get into your urinary tract and cause infection in different ways. These can include the following:
- Having sex
- Poor hygiene
- Having a catheter
- Kidney or bladder stones
- Abnormalities of the urinary tract
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of cystitis are similar for men and women. The following symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than cystitis in adults. If your symptoms don’t get better after two to three days, contact your GP.
Common symptoms of cystitis include:
- Pain when you pass urine
- A frequent, urgent need to urinate, but you only pass small amounts or no urine
- Cloudy, dark or strong smelling urine
- Blood in your urine – this may not always be visible, but can be found by testing the urine
- Pain during sex
- Pain in your lower abdomen (tummy) or lower back
- Feeling tired or generally unwell
- A mild fever
Cystitis usually clears up by itself, without the need for treatment. However, there are several things you can do to reduce your symptoms and feel better.
- Taking over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, may help to ease your pain. They may also help if you have a fever or a temperature.
- Increase how much fluid you drink, such as water, to help flush out the infection.
- Placing a warm hot water bottle on your lower back can help soothe any discomfort in this area.
- Try to rest as much as possible.
Asset chemist online doctor can provide prescriptions to help treat cystitis. Check out the links below.
Check out the video below for more information on cystitis from NHS Choices.