Women’s Health: From #Conception to #Breastfeeding

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Now days, there are many forms of contraception for both men and women.

For those of you who don’t know what contraception is it’s about time you knew.

Contraception is a method of stopping a women becoming pregnant during intercourse, some are also used to stop STIs. It is important that contraception is used to stop any of those unwanted accidents or infections.

There are both Natural and Artificial methods of contraception such as:

barrier contraceptive method

barrier contraceptive method

  • The pull out method (natural)
  • The pill ( a range of different pills are available for women, artificial)
  • Condoms

There are  many other types of  Contraception. Contraception advice can be given to you by your GP or at a contraception clinic (GUM) , they will discuss the different methods with you and also ask questions regarding your health history and your lifestyle to see which method suits you best.

If you are on contraception such as the pill, emergency contraception can be available to you through your GP or GUM clinic which must be taken up to 72hrs after intercourse to prevent pregnancy.

 Getting pregnant

Getting pregnant happens when a man’s sperm fertilises a woman’s egg.

Male and female couple

Male and female couple

This can happen quickly for many women, but for others it can take longer. Out of every 100 couples trying for a baby, 80 to 90 will get pregnant within one year. The rest will take longer, or may need help to conceive.

It can help having using an ovulation kit to know when the highest chance of conceiving will be.

To understand conception and pregnancy, it helps to know about the male and female sexual organs, and to understand how a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle and periods work.

The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of a woman’s period (day one). Some time after her period she will ovulate, and then around 12-14 days after this she’ll have her next period.

The average cycle takes 28 days, but shorter or longer cycles are normal.


So your contraception didn’t work, or you’ve made the choice to have a baby, Congratulations!



Here are a few things you may need to know about the next 9 months..

For starters, knowing for definite that your pregnant. There are a whole range of home pregnancy tests out there from clearblue to firstresponse and you can also have a pregnancy test at your GP surgery.

Clearblue pregnancy test kit

Clearblue pregnancy test kit

Once you know your pregnant that’s when the fun begins! the scans, the decorating the nursery, the baby shopping.. Having everything that you need to care for the baby and knowing what to do and when to do it  is going to make it easier when the baby comes. It helps to be organised and have all the baby essentials such as :

  • Nappies
  • baby wipes
  • bottles/dummies
  • clothes, etc.

Choosing your birthing location :

You can give birth at home;

Unit run by midwives (a midwifery unit or birth centre) or in hospital;

Some hospitals have a separate midwifery unit.

The choice you have about where to have your baby will depend on your needs and risks and, to some extent, on where you live.

Wherever you choose, the place should feel right for you.

During the 9 months of pregnancy your baby is going to change dramatically , watch the following video to show the changes during pregnancy: 


Breastfeeding babies

Breastfeeding babies

Breastfeeding is a skill that needs to be learnt, and it can take time and practice to get the hang of it. There are lots of different positions for breastfeeding. You just need to check the following points.

  • Is your baby’s nose opposite your nipple? Your baby needs to get a big mouthful of breast from beneath the nipple. Placing your baby with their nose level with your nipple will encourage them to open their mouth wide and attach to the breast well.
  • Are your baby’s head and body in a straight line? If not, your baby might not be able to swallow easily.
  • Are you holding your baby close to you, facing your breast? Support their neck, shoulders and back. They should be able to tilt their head back and swallow easily, and shouldn’t have to reach out to feed.
  • Are you comfortable? It’s worth getting comfortable before a feed. Remember when you feed to relax your shoulders and arms.

How to attach your baby to your breast

1. Hold your baby close to you with their nose level with the nipple.

2. Wait until your baby opens their mouth really wide with the tongue down. You can encourage them to do this by gently stroking their top lip.

3. Bring your baby on to your breast.

4. Your baby will tilt their head back and come to your breast chin first. They should take a large mouthful of breast. Your nipple should go towards the roof of their mouth.