How do I Protect Myself From Getting the Flu
How do I protect myself from getting the flu?
The single most important step you can take to prevent spreading the flu is to wash your hands often, especially after blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing, and before handling food. Other steps that you can take include:
- avoiding direct contact with people who have the flu;
- getting a yearly vaccination of the flu shot to avoid getting or lessening the severity of the flu; and
- not sharing eating utensils or drinks.
How does the flu spread?
The flu can be spread through droplets of respiratory tract secretions from people who are sick:
- by breathing in the virus when a sick person sneezes, talks or coughs; or
- after close contact with an infected person or touching something that they have handled, carrying the virus to your own nose, eyes or mouth through your own hands.
.What is the flu?
The flu is an illness caused by the influenza virus which:
- affects your lungs and airways;
- is very contagious and spreads easily between people; and
- usually lasts 5-7 days, but cough and tiredness can last several weeks.
The flu usually causes:
- fever lasting 3-4 days
- muscle and joint aches
- dry cough
- sore throat
- runny nose
What should I do if I get the flu?
If you get the flu:
- stay home;
- drink lots of fluids – water and juice are best;
- wash hands often;
- humidity (warm showers, baths, cool humidifier);
- cough medicine may be helpful;
- gargle with warm water; and
- take paracetamol ( Panadol, etc.) or ibuprofen (Nurofen, Cuprofen, etc.). These are two different analgesics.
Products to treat symptoms of Flu