How To Treat Severe Allergic Reactions

How To Treat  Severe Allergic Reactions

anaphylaxisWhat is Anaphylaxis?

Most commonly known as anaphylactic shock, Anaphylaxis is a severe, allergic reaction that can develop rapidly into something more serious.



There are many signs of anaphylactic shock, some of them are:

Severe Itching

Severe Itching

  • Swollen eyes, lips, hands and feet
  • Panting
  • Fainting/ unconsciousness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea/ vomiting
  • Delirious/ dizziness
  • Itchy skin
  • Red rash

It is important that this is treated as a medical emergency, if available a medical injection called adrenaline should be given as soon as possible. It should be injected into the outer thigh muscle and held in place for 5 to 10 seconds, instructions for these injections will be on the side of the device. Some people with a previous history of anaphylaxis will have an auto-injector of adrenaline.

Causes and triggers

Anaphylaxis is your body’s immune system overreacting to a harmless substance, such as food. Anaphylaxis develops within minutes of contact with the harmful substance, but sometimes it can take longer for the body to react to the allergen.

Most common triggers:

Severe allergic reaction can be caused by food

Severe allergic reaction can be caused by food

  • insect stings (such as wasp and bee stings)
  • peanuts and tree nuts
  • other types of foods (such as milk and seafood)
  • certain medicines (such as antibiotics)

Adrenaline injections

Adrenaline causes the blood vessels to become narrower, which raises your blood pressure and reduces swelling. It also causes the airways to open, relieving breathing difficulties.Ways-to-Avoid-Anaphylactic-Shock-09-pg-full

EpiPen Auto-Injectors are automatic injection devices containing adrenaline for allergic emergencies which are available at Asset Chemist.  The Auto-Injectors should be used only by a person with a history or an acknowledged risk of an anaphylactic reaction. These individuals should always carry auto-injectors in situations of potential risks.

Adrenaline is considered the first-line drug of choice for allergic emergencies.  Adrenaline reverses the symptoms of rhinitis, urticaria, bronchospasm and hypotension because it is a pharmacological antagonist to the effects of the chemical mediators on smooth muscles, blood vessels, and other tissues.  Adrenaline is recommended as the initial and primary therapeutic agent in the treatment of anaphylaxis by every recognised authority in allergy, and its appropriate use in these circumstances is widely documented in the medical literature.